Illia Kyva

Illia Kyva

Chairman of the Socialist Party of Ukraine

Chairman of the Socialist Party of Ukraine and the trade union of the Ministry of Interior Affairs of Ukraine. Head of the charitable foundation and nongovernmental organizations. Anti-Terrorist Operation (ATO) participant.

A native of Poltava, he continued expanding his knowledge via education during his working life. He mastered the qualification of mechanical engineering in the Poltava Oil Geological Prospecting Technical School. He studied psychology in the Poltava V.G. Korolenko National Pedagogical Institute. He mastered the jurisprudence in the Yaroslav the Wise National Law University, and a few years later continued to deepen his knowledge in this field in the National Academy of Internal Affairs of Ukraine. After graduating it in 2017 he received the master's degree.

As for the working career, in the period from 2005 through 2008 he was the director and chief accountant of Ukrzviazokmontazh LLC, after which he went to work for the state-owned enterprise Donetsk Railways. Initially, he worked as a production engineer and a few months later he headed the Novozolotarivka washing and steaming station. 

He jumped with two feet into the events of 2013-2014. He headed the Right Sector of Poltava region. Soon he was promoted to the rank of major. On September 5, 2014, the Interior Minister issued an order to merge the Myrny squadron, the Kremenchuk squadron and the Poltava battalion into the battalion of the special operations police patrol service, which Illia Kyva commanded.

"I am a soldier of my people"

On December 10, 2014, Illia Kyva took up the post of Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs of Ukraine in Donetsk region, where he began to actively introduce the database of the Myrotvorets (peacemaker) project into the operational work. In February 2015, he supervised the evacuation of citizens from the town of Debaltseve in Donetsk region and the adjacent settlements due to the danger caused by the continuous shelling by militants. During the operation, the Interior Ministry officers evacuated over 1,000 people - about 400 children, pensioners and people with disabilities.

On June 30, 2015, Illia Kyva was transferred to a similar position in Kherson region now in the rank of Lieutenant Colonel of the Police.

Outraged by the inertia of the authorities in matters of care for the needs of the "defenders of the state" and the injustice occurring at the front, Kyva headed the All-Ukrainian Union of Veterans of the ATO. The mission is to ensure social protection of veterans and their families, as well as nationwide military training and patriotic upbringing and the formation of area defense cells matching the European pattern.

By that time, the National Defense Headquarters of Kherson region, the Osvobozhdenie International Charitable Foundation, as well as the All-Ukrainian National Federation of Street Football and the All-Ukrainian Domino Federation were already among the nongovernmental organizations headed by him.

"Not used to tinkering at the margins"

Since October 2015, he continued to discharge his "duty of the defender" in the role of the head of the Department of Drug Control. Quite soon he declared: it is necessary to restore the criminal responsibility for staying in a state of drug intoxication.

In 2016, continuing to picking up the "political steam", Illia Kyva took up the post of adviser to the Minister of Internal Affairs of Ukraine. But soon he left it and since June 22, 2017 he has been the Head of the Socialist Party of Ukraine.



Basic principles of the activities of the Socialist Party of Ukraine


Progress and achievements

The SPU was the initiator of the adoption of the Constitution by the Parliament in 1996. The "Constitutional Night," when parliamentarians worked on the Constitution until the morning, allowed Ukraine to avoid a political crisis - if the Constitution were not adopted, President Leonid Kuchma would have dissolved the Verkhovna Rada and imposed his version of the Framework Law, which granted the president dictatorial powers.                                                                                                                                

The Socialists played a decisive role in frustrating the attempt to implement the results of the referendum held on April 16, 2000 through parliament. Observers stated that during the vote counting, massive violations were committed at the referendum, and the results of the plebiscite were gerrymandered. One of the questions of this referendum was the creation of a two-chamber parliament in Ukraine - this would have created the prerequisites for the transformation of Ukraine into a federal state and the development of regional separatism. The SPU was totally against the approval of the results of the referendum. The events of 2014 proved the rightness of the Socialists.                                                                                                                

In 2000, the Socialist Party released information about Kuchma's involvement in the murder of journalist Georgy Gongadze, as a result of which Kuchma became "non-handshakable" in most Western countries.                                                                                                                        

In December 2004, the SPU became one of the main initiators of the adoption of the constitutional reform by the Verkhovna Rada, which transformed Ukraine from a presidential-parliamentary to the parliamentary-presidential republic.                                                                                                           

In 2004, the party became an associated member of the Socialist International. 


The SPU was one of the initiators of the "Ukraine without Kuchma" protest movement in December 2000. It failed, but allowed the consolidation of anti-Kuchma political forces, which later played a decisive role in the democratization of the country.

The SPU became an active participant in the "Rise, Ukraine!" movement in September 2002. In the first day so far more than 100,000 people took part in it.                                                                               

In 2004, the SPU became one of the most active participants of the Orange Revolution, which did not allow falsifying the results of the presidential elections and led to the power of democratic forces.

The revival of the party

From 1994 to 2007, the SPU was represented in the parliament by a large number of its members, but in the future the party was not very popular with voters.                                                                

In July 2017, Illia Kyva headed the SPU. He intended to purify the party and strengthen its positions in the "left-wing field." In December 2017, he announced the beginning of the decommunization of the SPU. As a result, ex-party chairman Petro Ustenko and a number of his associates were expelled from the party - they were unveiled in an attempt to sell the party to the Kremlin, as well as in secret negotiations with other political forces that were at odds with the previous arrangements.

During the second stage of the SPU congress held on February 4, 2018 the party proclaimed that the priority for it is patriotism, which implies a complete restoration of Ukraine's control over its territory within the borders of 2013.